Each year, nearly 25 million adults in the USA contract a sexually transmitted disease or STD. Some of the common ones do not trigger symptoms. However, they can nevertheless lead to severe health problems. Understanding STDs will help protect your overall health now and also in the future. In the subsequent paragraphs, we will mention the 5 most popular STDs in the USA.
Chlamydia is actually a bacterial infection. The probable symptom of infection is a discharge from the vagina or penis and burning while urinating. Nevertheless, most individuals with chlamydia do not have symptoms.
Chlamydia propagates through sexual exposure to the vagina, penis, mouth or anus of the afflicted person. A pregnant female may pass chlamydia to her infant during childbirth.
With no treatment, chlamydia can result in serious health issues. It also can trigger infertility.
This particular infection originates from a parasite which passes from one individual to another while having sex. Women typically develop the infection within the vagina or the urethra. Males might develop trichomoniasis within the penis.
Most individuals with trichomoniasis do not have symptoms. Occasionally afflicted people experience irritation or burning while urinating. Discharge from the vagina or the penis can be another sign of trichomoniasis. All these symptoms might come and go. It requires antibiotics to eliminate the problem.
- Genital Herpes
This disease originates from the herpes simplex virus, type 1 or type 2. You may get herpes by having anal, vaginal or oral sex with somebody who is afflicted. Many people with herpes get mild symptoms. Several have no symptom whatsoever. Others have breakouts of lesions which seem like blisters around their rectum, genitals, or mouth.
There is absolutely no remedy for herpes. However, your physician can prescribe medications that assist in preventing and shortening outbreaks and easing the pain.
Syphilis is actually an infection resulting from bacteria. Sores might develop on the lips and genitals, and also in the mouth. The disease spreads through exposure to these sores during anal, vaginal or oral sex. A pregnant female may pass syphilis to her infant.
Usually, it takes up to 3 months after exposure for the symptoms to show up. The infection advances in phases which can last for several weeks or even years. After the sores show up, a skin rash occurs. This can be visible on the soles of the feet and the palms of the hands. In some instances, the rash could be everywhere in the body. Left neglected, syphilis could cause severe health issues. They consist of brain damage, blindness, paralysis, and dementia. In extreme cases, syphilis could be deadly.
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
HIV is that virus which leads to AIDS. When it gets into the body, the immune system is attacked by the virus. It damages certain white blood cells that the body requires dealing with infections. Without sufficient amount of these cells, individuals with HIV develop some other serious diseases, for example, pneumonia or even tuberculosis.
There isn’t any cure for HIV. However treatment with a number of different types of medicine aids individuals to live longer and also maintain an active lifestyle.